Catholic Youth Education  

St. Madeleine's Future

Official Parish Site is:

High Springs, Fl.

  Catholic Church Faithful Teachings
Learning love & wisdom from the Holy Bible       Faithful and Obedient to Our Holy Father


Session ONE

Disagreement = Misunderstanding? = Lack of Education.
The Mass is central to Catholicism.
Avoid preconceived notions, Piety v Theology v Faith?
"Liturgy" = The Work of the People ("Work" needs preparation)
The Mass = Jesus is present in the Eucharist. Reenactment of Calvary.
"Biblical Memorial" makes past event into present reality.
"Old Testament the New lies concealed - New testament the old is [unvailed]..
Early Christian Liturgies usually celebrated in people's homes. (No Alter)
70 AD 2nd Temple destroyed. Before this "Christians" thought of themselves as Jews.
Saturday Jewish Prayers from Torah. Sunday became Eucharist - Liturgy of the Word.
Entrance Procession is "Overseer" being led to home where Liturgy will be celebrated.
Priest to early Christian was Christ. Secondary Priest = Christian Community.
"Overseer" successor of Apostles. Today's Bishop.
New Structure = sacramental minister & order of service. (Priests and Deacons)
Bishop possesses "Fullness of Priesthood". PASTOR = Bishop.
3 major pieces of furniture = Alter, Lectern, Presider's Chair.
Lutherans have consubstantiation of bread and wine. (Not sacred after service.)
ONE WORD ... TWO Tables ... Lord's Body & Lord's Word. ... Chair = symbol of authority

Session TWO

Veneration of the Alter.    Priest in Person of Christ.
Mass begins with a prayer: "The Sign of the Cross". Marking ourselves as being Christian
In the Name of...... means understand Naming (in the name) gives power.
Early day symbol of Christianity was the fish. (Circle with line) (Cross came later)
"Mark those who respect the Temple with a sign on their forehead." (X = taw) - G-d = God
Sometimes a mark is a negative. Became positive in Book of Ezekiel
"His name will be on his foreheads"
Sign of Cross is sign of being Christian and a weapon against evil.
Hebrew Aleph = Truth
Revelation 22:13
I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.
Lord be with you...and with your Spirit. Not just a greeting... but a prayer.
Bishop says PEACE be with you. Christ said to Apostles "Peace" be with you.
Lord is with us for strength to go forth....
"Confiteor" = I confess = I'm guilty and unworthy... Lord have mercy (Oldest Christian Prayer).
"Gloria" - = celebration of forgiveness. Penitential Rite is to make offense right.
Anxiety about life demonstrates lack of Faith in God.
Next week = finish Gloria and begin Liturgy of the word.


Session Three

Today is Trinity Sunday... Finish Introductory Rites, Gloria and "Opening Prayer" (Collect), Top 3 liturgical hymns: The Exalted (Easter only), 2 from Liturgy of the Hours = Te Deum (Oh God we Praise)-- 3 = Gloria.
To "Bless" something is to acknowledge as "Holy".
We CANNOT take God's mercy for granted.
"God of Israel" implies more than one god. Romans demanded Caesar be called "Lord". Christians could not do this as they believed only one God.
Liturgy of the Word NOT JUST WORDS but Revelation Of God: 1st reading, Psalm, 2nd reading, Gospel Acclamation, Gospel, Homely, Creed, Prayer of the Faithful (Universal Prayer)
Scripture is "Inspired" = Inspires is what the author intended to say .God inspires the author with a thought. Limitations of an author and language causes a problem. Scripture study must involve study of author's time and culture.
"Deposit of Faith" Bible is complete = two sources 1,Bible (Cannot of Scripture) 2. Magisterium  (Tradition).
Bible is public revelation. Apostolic Tradition = Handing on down from Jesus to Apostles to Faithful. Private revelation other readings.
1st reading usually Old Testament (Provides unveiling of Truth). 40 years in desert represents leaving the slavery of sin and going towards salvation from forgiveness. Word of Lord.... (see Homily)
Salvation History = Two sided: 1. God reaching out.... 2. how we respond.
Responsorial Psalm = psalm responds to 1st reading. See how Psalm responds to 1st reading.


Session Four

Session Four: Feast of Corpus Christi. Cont. Liturgy of word. Old Testament accommodated the hardness of your hearts... New Testament say what was always was. A better (correct) way to respond to God. Psalm - "Praises". We acclaim this response.
Most Psalms come from liturgical services.
Author of Psalms = 1/2 (73) = David (House of David) (see handout) Handed down from different lineage. 34 Psalms of unknown origin. Research of 1800s.
150 Psalms model two things (foundation for) 1.liturgy of the hours (Prayer of the Church) 2. Rosary (Poor man's "Psalter" (book of psalms)) Poor man's Psalms.
Don't read the psalms... let the psalms read you.
6 types of psalms: praise, thanksgiving, individual laments, community laments, Royal Psalms, Wisdom Psalms
Many come from Temple readings.
Structure: address to God, list of praises, complaint or lament to God, Confession of Trust that God has heard, Statement of Faith - certainty, Praise.
Psalms divided into 5 books (like Torah's 5 books of Moses)
penitential psalms,
2nd reading = mirrored early synagogue... instructional (catechetical) - not related to 1st reading,
Gospel (4 apostles) special attention like reading from Torah (in Arc of Covenant with candle next to it).
The link = 1st reading and Gospel is the Gospel Acclamation. (Alleluia is sung not spoken) Cleanse my mind, lips and heart.
Homily explains the Gospel to our lives.
Authority of Homily from Bishop. Only Clergy gives Homily. (Authority of Apostolic succession.)
Profession of Faith // Nicene (Constantinople) Creed 381 AD (Summary of Beliefs)
Worked on agreement and wrote it down 77 AD to 787 AD = Council of Nicea.


Session Five
Session 5
[August September new RCIA Group - need sponsors.]
Shema = Jews statement of faith
[Today called synagogue as a TEMPLE has sacrifice.]
Prayer of the Faithful = "Universal Prayer":
Bible tells us to pray for one another.
"Concise structure" for intercessory prayer ... keep universal. 
Vatican One 1870-71 looked at Bishops not being in priest role.
Made Pope Bishop of Rome..... infallible
Vatican Council 2 closed Vatican 1 looked at bishops for their structual
"Acolytes" are extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion.
Deacons are ordinary ministers of Communion
We have readers not lectures at small parishes.
Constitution of Sacred Liturgy.
Christ is always present in church.: especially in liturgical celebration,
in sacrifice of the Mass In priest and Eucharist, in sacraments, in his Word,
When church prays or sings -- where two have gathered---
Being late for Mass = (Scriptures equal to Body of Lord.)
We do not process out because we take the proclamation with us. It is the
Not the word of the Lord... It's a book. Should say Proclamation of the word.
3 places of Jewish worship: sacrificial cult in temple, services in synogog,
private devotions
Radical changes after Romans destroyed 2nd Temple. No Temple no need for
priests. Started to re-write institutions.
Synagogue most influenced Christian worship. Memories and written record. Temple had Arc of Covenant. - From Book of Hebrews. (Idealized memories.)
Temple priest was unpopular elite. Synagogue were every day folks.
Churches call synagogues until 318 AD. Beginning of noticeable bad feelings.


Session Six

Session 6
Agree to 7th week of lesson series.
Diaspora really lesson that this is not our home. We are traveling through. Jews scattered after destruction of Temple, but many examples is history. Adam & Eve etc.

Christian prayer structure comes from Jewish prayer structure.
Synagogue had three mandatory times for services - Daniel Psalm 55. Psalm 119 calls for 7 times a day for prayer. - started with Monks.

3 categories of prayer Praise and Exaltation - Prayers of Thanksgiving - Prayers of supplication (ask for things).
Jews did not have strict structure in prayers,
Kneeling prayers, Standing prayers,
Worshiper could add private (petition) prayers, but not on Sabbath.
Caddish prayer = thanksgiving for all even in death of loved one.
Jews have blessing over wine after Jewish service. They then share wine.
[sp] "Purepipe" = passage of scripture.
Jewish readings in time of Jesus were in a three year cycle.

Liturgy of the Eucharist.
ALL Catholic Prayers have a Biblical reference.
2 elements of Eucharist prayer?
preface = lord be with you... right and Just.... rich language like Jewish prayer
ends with --- Holy Holy Holy
alternative name for Eucharist prayer?
2 elements consecrated separately?
Why drop piece of water in wine? Water now = our humanity
Old days wine was syrup like and needed added water
Jews say wine represent the law
DIFFRACTION Rite = Breaking of Bread.
At what point during Eucharist Prayer does Bread and Wine become Body and Blood?
Greatest Part of Mass? = The Great Amen -- Through Him in Him.... etc.
Begins with offertory. Blessed to you lord.....
ordinary things offered to God ... become extraordinary .... returned to us.
Offertory used to be dirty with animals and food etc. Thus ritual washing of hands. (Cleans me of my sins)
Eucharistic pray offered to Father in Name of Jesus by power of Holy Spirit.
Alter rail removed doors of heaven have opened.

Pattern is Listening to the WORD and then celebration the Eucharist. (1st Scripture then the Action,)
4 important verbs: Take, Bless, Break, Give.
Controversy: Last Supper was Passover Sadder Meal. (No Lamb?)
Jesus had meals with disciples and followed Jewish Traditions = now part of Eucharistic Prayer.
Teaching of 12 Apostles, How to celebrate Eucharist, apology = explanation.
Early Church understood the meaning of the Eucharist. = Transubstantiation


Session Seven

 new book Biblical Roots of The Mass - Thomas Nash - Sophia Press
Prof. Brant Peter = Biblical Roots of Eucharist (Sadder)

Institution Narrative = On the night he was betrayed,,, TAKE BLESS BREAK GIVE.

Must be IN COMMUNION repentant/ reconciled to receive Communion

Apology = explanation 150 AD Justin  Marter chap. 66 & 67
= REAL PRESENCE in the Eucharist.

Greek = Eucharista = Thanksgiving

Apostles recollections = GOSPELS = Apostolic Succession. per Christ orders.
Truth From Apostles... rich help poor, Sunday all get together, Readings from apostles and writings from prophets, President gives interpretation of writings = HOMILY, President prays and people accent. PRAYER OF FAITHFUL All Communicate. Go out to help poor.

They had officers like our parish council.

Earliest Eucharistic prayers 1st 3rd centuries. 3rd century Church became official of State and then problems began. (Constantine)

Papyrus of Strasburg. (found 1928) "To Bless you day and Night" GOD CREATED World. etc.

Warrant - Scriptural Authority
Early Church prayed for dead. (Protestants say no need)

1. REMEMBERING must be in Eucharistic Prayer
Offering "
Petition "

Anafra (lifting up) of Apostles = Eucharistic prayer of East Rite (Syria)

Effisis 400 AD

2. Invitation dialog, holy, holy holy....... addressed to Christ (unusual) Request for Holy Spirit, (We ring bell)

transubstantiation - institution = this is my body western catholics
Eastern say epiclesis invocation of Holy Spirit.

Institution not recorded in early writings.

The way we pray is the way we believe.!!!!!!!!!
Be careful of the songs sung in church.

3rd Eucharistic Prayer = Lord be with you...... Apostolic Tradition Basis of Eucharistic Prayer 2 = (shortest)

Greek = 1st 300years then Roman Era = Latin
East Greek west = Latin long before 1054 = first split

Move sign of peace back to right after Gospel... Vatican put on brakes. Still before Communion.

4th Eucharistic Prayer = Anaphora of St Basil

Dialog., thanks holy, history, institution ______ ________

Communion Rite
add lords prayer
FEAR and Awe Language caused decilne in receiving communion
wine cups pre-poured to avoid spillage
singing song
blessing came much later.

bread and wine separately mass is sacrifice Fraction Rite Bread into wine reunited. then traveled to another church and shows unity of churches. Add water hot in eastern rite.

Links one Mass to next week's ...... No Longer done.